First Aid

If a poisoning occurs, it’s important to react calmly and quickly to take appropriate first aid steps.

There are 4 different routes of poisoning that can occur

Inhaled: Immediately get the person to fresh air. Avoid breathing fumes. Open doors and windows wide. If victim is not breathing, call 911 and begin CPR, if able.

Skin: Remove contaminated clothing and flood skin with water for 10 minutes. Then wash gently with soap and water, and rinse.


Eye: Rinse the eye with lukewarm (not hot or cold) water poured from a plastic cup 2 or 3 inches from the eye. Repeat for 5 minutes. Have patient blink as much as possible during irrigation. Do not force eyelid open.


Swallowed: Do not give anything by mouth until calling the poison center.

Follow these important first aid steps:

  • Call 911 if the person is unconscious.
  • Call the poison center at 1-800-222-1222 if the person is conscious.
  • Be prepared with important information, such as the victim’s name, age, weight, condition and existing health conditions or problems.
  • Know the substance involved and how it came into contact, any first aid which may have been given and whether the victim has vomited.
  • Know your location and how long it will take you to get to a hospital.